.. ipython:: python
:suppress:
import geopandas
import matplotlib
orig = matplotlib.rcParams['figure.figsize']
matplotlib.rcParams['figure.figsize'] = [orig[0] * 1.5, orig[1] * 1.5]
Aggregation with dissolve
=============================
Spatial data are often more granular than needed. For example, you might have data on sub-national units, but you're actually interested in studying patterns at the level of countries.
In a non-spatial setting, when you need summary statistics of the data, you can aggregate data using the :meth:`~pandas.DataFrame.groupby` function. But for spatial data, you sometimes also need to aggregate geometric features. In the GeoPandas library, you can aggregate geometric features using the :meth:`~geopandas.GeoDataFrame.dissolve` function.
:meth:`~geopandas.GeoDataFrame.dissolve` can be thought of as doing three things:
(a) it dissolves all the geometries within a given group together into a single geometric feature (using the :attr:`~geopandas.GeoSeries.unary_union` method), and
(b) it aggregates all the rows of data in a group using :ref:`groupby.aggregate `, and
(c) it combines those two results.
:meth:`~geopandas.GeoDataFrame.dissolve` Example
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Take example of administrative areas in Nepal. You have districts, which are smaller, and zones, which are larger. A group of districts always compose a single zone. Suppose you are interested in Nepalese zone, but you only have Nepalese district-level data like the `geoda.nepal` dataset included in `geodatasets`. You can easily convert this to a zone-level dataset.
First, let's look at the most simple case where you just want zone shapes and names.
.. ipython:: python
import geodatasets
nepal = geopandas.read_file(geodatasets.get_path('geoda.nepal'))
nepal = nepal.rename(columns={"name_2": "zone"}) # rename to remember the column
nepal[["zone", "geometry"]].head()
By default, :meth:`~geopandas.GeoDataFrame.dissolve` will pass ``'first'`` to :ref:`groupby.aggregate `.
.. ipython:: python
nepal_zone = nepal[['zone', 'geometry']]
zones = nepal_zone.dissolve(by='zone')
@savefig zones1.png
zones.plot();
zones.head()
If you are interested in aggregate populations, however, you can pass different functions to the :meth:`~geopandas.GeoDataFrame.dissolve` method to aggregate populations using the ``aggfunc =`` argument:
.. ipython:: python
nepal_pop = nepal[['zone', 'geometry', 'population']]
zones = nepal_pop.dissolve(by='zone', aggfunc='sum')
@savefig zones2.png
zones.plot(column = 'population', scheme='quantiles', cmap='YlOrRd');
zones.head()
.. ipython:: python
:suppress:
matplotlib.rcParams['figure.figsize'] = orig
.. toctree::
:maxdepth: 2
Dissolve arguments
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
The ``aggfunc =`` argument defaults to 'first' which means that the first row of attributes values found in the dissolve routine will be assigned to the resultant dissolved geodataframe.
However it also accepts other summary statistic options as allowed by :meth:`pandas.groupby ` including:
* 'first'
* 'last'
* 'min'
* 'max'
* 'sum'
* 'mean'
* 'median'
* function
* string function name
* list of functions and/or function names, e.g. [np.sum, 'mean']
* dict of axis labels -> functions, function names or list of such.
For example, to get the number of countries on each continent,
as well as the populations of the largest and smallest country of each,
you can aggregate the ``'name'`` column using ``'count'``,
and the ``'pop_est'`` column using ``'min'`` and ``'max'``:
.. ipython:: python
zones = nepal.dissolve(
by="zone",
aggfunc={
"district": "count",
"population": ["min", "max"],
},
)
zones.head()