GeoDataFrame.to_crs(crs=None, epsg=None, inplace=False)

Transform geometries to a new coordinate reference system.

Transform all geometries in an active geometry column to a different coordinate reference system. The crs attribute on the current GeoSeries must be set. Either crs or epsg may be specified for output.

This method will transform all points in all objects. It has no notion or projecting entire geometries. All segments joining points are assumed to be lines in the current projection, not geodesics. Objects crossing the dateline (or other projection boundary) will have undesirable behavior.

crspyproj.CRS, optional if epsg is specified

The value can be anything accepted by pyproj.CRS.from_user_input(), such as an authority string (eg “EPSG:4326”) or a WKT string.

epsgint, optional if crs is specified

EPSG code specifying output projection.

inplacebool, optional, default: False

Whether to return a new GeoDataFrame or do the transformation in place.


See also


assign CRS without re-projection


>>> from shapely.geometry import Point
>>> d = {'col1': ['name1', 'name2'], 'geometry': [Point(1, 2), Point(2, 1)]}
>>> gdf = geopandas.GeoDataFrame(d, crs=4326)
>>> gdf
    col1                 geometry
0  name1  POINT (1.00000 2.00000)
1  name2  POINT (2.00000 1.00000)
<Geographic 2D CRS: EPSG:4326>
Name: WGS 84
Axis Info [ellipsoidal]:
- Lat[north]: Geodetic latitude (degree)
- Lon[east]: Geodetic longitude (degree)
Area of Use:
- name: World
- bounds: (-180.0, -90.0, 180.0, 90.0)
Datum: World Geodetic System 1984
- Ellipsoid: WGS 84
- Prime Meridian: Greenwich
>>> gdf = gdf.to_crs(3857)
>>> gdf
    col1                       geometry
0  name1  POINT (111319.491 222684.209)
1  name2  POINT (222638.982 111325.143)
<Projected CRS: EPSG:3857>
Name: WGS 84 / Pseudo-Mercator
Axis Info [cartesian]:
- X[east]: Easting (metre)
- Y[north]: Northing (metre)
Area of Use:
- name: World - 85°S to 85°N
- bounds: (-180.0, -85.06, 180.0, 85.06)
Coordinate Operation:
- name: Popular Visualisation Pseudo-Mercator
- method: Popular Visualisation Pseudo Mercator
Datum: World Geodetic System 1984
- Ellipsoid: WGS 84
- Prime Meridian: Greenwich