geopandas supports geocoding (i.e., converting place names to location on Earth) through geopy, an optional dependency of geopandas. The following example shows how to get the locations of boroughs in New York City, and plots those locations along with the detailed borough boundary file included within geopandas.

In [1]: boros = geopandas.read_file(geopandas.datasets.get_path("nybb"))

In [2]: boros.BoroName
0    Staten Island
1           Queens
2         Brooklyn
3        Manhattan
4            Bronx
Name: BoroName, dtype: object

In [3]: boro_locations =

In [4]: boro_locations
                             geometry                             address
0  POINT (-74.076202393 40.643497467)    Staten Island, NY, United States
1  POINT (-73.817298889 40.759777069)        Queens County, United States
2  POINT (-73.990997314 40.692527771)         Brooklyn, NY, United States
3  POINT (-73.969429016 40.783027649)  Manhattan, New York, United States
4  POINT (-73.920265198 40.826152802)         Bronx County, United States

In [5]: import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

In [6]: fig, ax = plt.subplots()

In [7]: boros.to_crs("EPSG:4326").plot(ax=ax, color="white", edgecolor="black");

In [8]: boro_locations.plot(ax=ax, color="red");

By default, the geocode function uses the GeoCode.Farm geocoding API with a rate limitation applied. But a different geocoding service can be specified with the provider keyword.

The argument to provider can either be a string referencing geocoding services, such as 'google', 'bing', 'yahoo', and 'openmapquest', or an instance of a Geocoder from geopy. See geopy.geocoders.SERVICE_TO_GEOCODER for the full list. For many providers, parameters such as API keys need to be passed as **kwargs in the geocode call.

For example, to use the OpenStreetMap Nominatim geocoder, you need to specify a user agent:, provider='nominatim', user_agent="my-application")


Please consult the Terms of Service for the chosen provider. The example above uses 'geocodefarm' (the default), for which free users are limited to 250 calls per day and 4 requests per second (geocodefarm ToS).