GeoDataFrame.set_geometry(col, drop=None, inplace=False, crs=None)[source]#

Set the GeoDataFrame geometry using either an existing column or the specified input. By default yields a new object.

The original geometry column is replaced with the input.

colcolumn label or array-like

An existing column name or values to set as the new geometry column. If values (array-like, (Geo)Series) are passed, then if they are named (Series) the new geometry column will have the corresponding name, otherwise the existing geometry column will be replaced. If there is no existing geometry column, the new geometry column will use the default name “geometry”.

dropboolean, default False

When specifying a named Series or an existing column name for col, controls if the previous geometry column should be dropped from the result. The default of False keeps both the old and new geometry column.

Deprecated since version 1.0.0.

inplaceboolean, default False

Modify the GeoDataFrame in place (do not create a new object)

crspyproj.CRS, optional

Coordinate system to use. The value can be anything accepted by pyproj.CRS.from_user_input(), such as an authority string (eg “EPSG:4326”) or a WKT string. If passed, overrides both DataFrame and col’s crs. Otherwise, tries to get crs from passed col values or DataFrame.


See also


rename an active geometry column


>>> from shapely.geometry import Point
>>> d = {'col1': ['name1', 'name2'], 'geometry': [Point(1, 2), Point(2, 1)]}
>>> gdf = geopandas.GeoDataFrame(d, crs="EPSG:4326")
>>> gdf
    col1     geometry
0  name1  POINT (1 2)
1  name2  POINT (2 1)

Passing an array:

>>> df1 = gdf.set_geometry([Point(0,0), Point(1,1)])
>>> df1
    col1     geometry
0  name1  POINT (0 0)
1  name2  POINT (1 1)

Using existing column:

>>> gdf["buffered"] = gdf.buffer(2)
>>> df2 = gdf.set_geometry("buffered")
>>> df2.geometry
0    POLYGON ((3 2, 2.99037 1.80397, 2.96157 1.6098...
1    POLYGON ((4 1, 3.99037 0.80397, 3.96157 0.6098...
Name: buffered, dtype: geometry