# geopandas.GeoSeries.symmetric_difference#

GeoSeries.symmetric_difference(other, align=None)[source]#

Returns a `GeoSeries` of the symmetric difference of points in each aligned geometry with other.

For each geometry, the symmetric difference consists of points in the geometry not in other, and points in other not in the geometry.

The operation works on a 1-to-1 row-wise manner:

Parameters:
otherGeoseries or geometric object

The Geoseries (elementwise) or geometric object to find the symmetric difference to.

alignbool | None (default None)

If True, automatically aligns GeoSeries based on their indices. If False, the order of elements is preserved. None defaults to True.

Returns:
GeoSeries

Examples

```>>> from shapely.geometry import Polygon, LineString, Point
>>> s = geopandas.GeoSeries(
...     [
...         Polygon([(0, 0), (2, 2), (0, 2)]),
...         Polygon([(0, 0), (2, 2), (0, 2)]),
...         LineString([(0, 0), (2, 2)]),
...         LineString([(2, 0), (0, 2)]),
...         Point(0, 1),
...     ],
... )
>>> s2 = geopandas.GeoSeries(
...     [
...         Polygon([(0, 0), (1, 1), (0, 1)]),
...         LineString([(1, 0), (1, 3)]),
...         LineString([(2, 0), (0, 2)]),
...         Point(1, 1),
...         Point(0, 1),
...     ],
...     index=range(1, 6),
... )
```
```>>> s
0    POLYGON ((0 0, 2 2, 0 2, 0 0))
1    POLYGON ((0 0, 2 2, 0 2, 0 0))
2             LINESTRING (0 0, 2 2)
3             LINESTRING (2 0, 0 2)
4                       POINT (0 1)
dtype: geometry
```
```>>> s2
1    POLYGON ((0 0, 1 1, 0 1, 0 0))
2             LINESTRING (1 0, 1 3)
3             LINESTRING (2 0, 0 2)
4                       POINT (1 1)
5                       POINT (0 1)
dtype: geometry
```

We can do symmetric difference of each geometry and a single shapely geometry:

```>>> s.symmetric_difference(Polygon([(0, 0), (1, 1), (0, 1)]))
0                  POLYGON ((0 2, 2 2, 1 1, 0 1, 0 2))
1                  POLYGON ((0 2, 2 2, 1 1, 0 1, 0 2))
2    GEOMETRYCOLLECTION (POLYGON ((0 0, 0 1, 1 1, 0...
3    GEOMETRYCOLLECTION (POLYGON ((0 0, 0 1, 1 1, 0...
4                       POLYGON ((0 1, 1 1, 0 0, 0 1))
dtype: geometry
```

We can also check two GeoSeries against each other, row by row. The GeoSeries above have different indices. We can either align both GeoSeries based on index values and compare elements with the same index using `align=True` or ignore index and compare elements based on their matching order using `align=False`:

```>>> s.symmetric_difference(s2, align=True)
0                                                 None
1                  POLYGON ((0 2, 2 2, 1 1, 0 1, 0 2))
2    MULTILINESTRING ((0 0, 1 1), (1 1, 2 2), (1 0,...
3                                     LINESTRING EMPTY
4                            MULTIPOINT ((0 1), (1 1))
5                                                 None
dtype: geometry
```
```>>> s.symmetric_difference(s2, align=False)
0                  POLYGON ((0 2, 2 2, 1 1, 0 1, 0 2))
1    GEOMETRYCOLLECTION (POLYGON ((0 0, 0 2, 1 2, 2...
2    MULTILINESTRING ((0 0, 1 1), (1 1, 2 2), (2 0,...
3                                LINESTRING (2 0, 0 2)
4                                          POINT EMPTY
dtype: geometry
```